Abu Bakr Siddique (R A)

EARLY LIFE

 Abu Bakr (Radi Allahu Anhu's) real name was Abdullah, and he was given the title of "As Siddique"or"Testifier to the Truth." His father, 'Uthman, was known as Abu Quhafah and his mother, Salma, was known as Ummul Khair. He was two and a half years younger than Rasulullah (sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam).

 He was the first among the Sahaba to accept Islam. He accompanied Rasulullah (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) during the Hijrah to Madinatul Munawwarah. Abu Bakr (Radi Allahu Anhu) was a merchant. He freed many slaves, including Bilal (Radi Allahu Anhu) and Umayyah bin Qahaf (Radi Allahu Anhu).

 He participated in all the battles in which Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) had to fight the Kuffar.
 Abu Bakr (Radi Allahu Anhu) loved his faith more than anything else. At the Battle of Badr, his son, Abdur Rahman (Radi Allahu Anhu), was fighting on the side of the Kuffar. After accepting Islam, Sayyiduna
 Abdur Rahman (Radi Allahu Anhu) said to his father, "O Father, at Badr, you were twice under my sword, but my love for you held my hand back." To this, Abu Bakr (Radi Allahu Anhu) replied, "Son, if I had you only once under my sword, you would have been no more." He was so uncompromising in his faith.
 At the time of the Battle of Tabuk, he donated all his wealth to the war effort, and when Rasulullah (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) asked him, "What have you left for your family,?" he replied, "Allaah and His Rasool (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam)."

 AS A CALIPH

 After his election as the Caliph, Abu Bakr (Radi Allahu Anhu) addressed the Muslims with these words:

 "O People! I have been chosen by you as your leader, although I am no better than any of you. If I do any wrong, set me right. Listen, truth is honesty and untruth is dishonesty. The weak among you are the powerful in my eyes, as long
 as I do not give them their dues. The powerful among you are weak in my eyes, as long as I do not take away from them what is due to others.
 "Listen carefully, if people give up striving for the Cause of Almighty Allah, He will send down disgrace upon them. If people become evil-doers, Almighty Allaah will send down calamities upon them.

 "Obey me as long as I obey Allaah and His Rasul (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam). If I disobey Allaah and His Rasul (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam), you are free to disobey me."

 Such was the first Caliph of Islam. Indeed, the world would be a better place to live in, if we had leaders like Abu Bakr (Radi Allahu Anhu).

 Abu Bakr (Radi Allahu Anhu) now sent Usamah (Radi Allahu Anhu) on the expedition to Syria to fight the Romans, even though he had to attend to all the internal problems of the Islamic State.
 The news that Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) had passed away, made some new Muslims think that the Islamic State would crumble and they refused to pay the Zakaah. These new Muslims could not yet get used to their faith and its requirements until then. Abu Bakr (Radi Allahu Anhu) declared, "By Allah! Even if a single thread is due from a man, he must give it. If he refuses, I will declare war against him."

 RENEGADES AND IMPOSTERS

 Some others became imposters and renegades. Tulaiha, Musailimah, Maalik bin Nuwairah, Aswad Ansi and a woman named Sajah claimed that they were prophets and caused a great deal of confusion. Abu Bakr (radi Allahu
 anhu) was quick to take action against these imposters.
 Khalid bin Walid (Radi Allahu Anhu) was sent to deal with Tulaiha who fled to Syria and later became a Muslim. Maalik bin Nuwarah was killed. Ikramah (Radi Allahu Anhu) and Surahbil (radi Allahu
 anhu) were sent to take action against Musailimah, but they were defeated. Abu Bakr (Radi Allahu Anhu) sent Khalid bin Walid (Radi Allahu Anhu) to tackle the notorious Musailamah who married Sajah. In the fight
 that followed, Wahshi (Radi Allahu Anhu) killed Musailamah. Musailamah and Aswad Ansi also claimed to be prophets while Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) was alive. Aswad was killed by the Muslims of
 Yemen.
 Abu Bakr (Radi Allahu Anhu's) swift and bold steps saved the Islamic State from the serious danger of chaos and confusion. He could now attend to other urgent problems.

 ERA OF CONQUESTS
 During his Khilaafat, Abu Bakr (Radi Allahu Anhu) had to take action against the Iranian Empire. The Emperor of Iran, Khusrou Parvez, was killed by his son, Shirooya, and the whole empire fell into chaos and disorder.
 Hurmuz, the Persian governor of Iraq, was very hostile to the Arabs and he was also cruel to the Muslims living in that area.
 Abu Bakr (Radi Allahu Anhu) sent Muthamia (Radi Allahu Anhu) to take action against the Iranians in Iraq. His forces were not enough and Khalid bin Walid (Radi Allahu Anhu) was then sent with reinforcements. The Muslim army captured vast areas of the Iranian Empire in several battles.
 Abu Bakr (Radi Allahu Anhu) then turned his attention to the Romans who were causing trouble in the North-West frontier. Abu Bakr (Radi Allahu Anhu) sent 4 separate armies under Ubaidah bin
 Jarrah, Amr Ibnul As, Yazid bin Abu Sufyaan and Surahbil bin Hasnal (radi Allahu anhumul ajma'in) to deal with the Roman power.
 The four armies joined into one unit to face the Romans more effectively. The Romans had amassed 150 000 soldiers, but the total Muslim army was only 24 000. Reinforcements were requested. Abu Bakr (Radi Allahu Anhu) asked Khalid bin Walid (Radi Allahu Anhu) to take charge of the Iraqi front and Muthanna (radiAllahu anhu) to rush to the Syrian front to help fight the huge Roman army. The armies met in Yarmuk after Abu Bakr (Radi Allahu Anhu) passed away. In this battle, the Romans were totally defeated.

 PASSES AWAY

 Abu Bakr (Radi Allahu Anhu) fell ill at this time and passed away on the 21st of Jamadi-ul-Aakhir 13 A.H.
 (22 August 634). His rule lasted 2 years and 3 months. He was 63 years old.
 One of the many contributions of Abu Bakr (Radi Allahu Anhu) was the collection and Compilation of the Qur'an.

 PERSONAL LIFE
 He lived a very simple, pious and upright life. He was a true servant of Almighty Allaah and a meticulous follower of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam).
 He wore ordinary clothes and his meals were very simple. He attended to house-hold work and would go out at night and seek the poor and destitute. Humility and modesty were the keynotes of his character. He felt embarrassed when
 people showered praises on him or showed him immense respect. He often fasted during the day and spent the whole night in Salaah and meditation. He was a great orator and a master of genealogy (one who can trace a person's
 family line). In personal life, he was a Saint. He used all his powers to promote the interest of Islam and the good of people






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